Chittorgarh: An Oasis Fort
The Chittorgarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India. It is situated in the town of Chittorgarh and for centuries, it served as the capital of the Kingdom of Mewar. The fort rises over a hill 590.6 ft in height and is spread over an area of 691.9 acres above the plains of the Berach river valley.
The fort is approached through a difficult zigzag ascent of more than 1km. Seven formidable gates protect the fort.
The access to the fort is restricted to a narrow pathway which climbs up the steep hill through successive, ever narrower defence passages.
Spectacular monuments dot the fort, most famous of which is the Vijay Stamba (Tower of Victory). It was built by Rana Kumbha in 188 CE to commemorate his victory over Malwa and Gujarat.
What the locals call ‘Rani Padmini's palace’ is a white building in the middle of a water tank and was built in the 19th century CE. It was primarily used as a retreat to keep cool in the summers.
Gaumukh Reservoir is one of the most important water tanks of Chittorgarh Fort. It is thus named because the shape of the reservoir resembles the mouth of a cow (gau means cow and mukh means mouth in Hindi) and is considered to be a sacred spot. The reservoir is speckled with fish that are fed by pilgrims visiting the site.
The Chhitorgarh Fort is a popular tourist destination for visitors around the world who are especially attracted by the legends and folklore associated with the fort.